Malawi officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeastern Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the west, Tanzania to the north and northeast, and Mozambique surrounding on the east, south and southwest. Malawi spans over 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 18,143,217 (as of July 2018). Lake Malawi, also known as Lake Nyasa, takes up about a third of Malawi’s area.Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also the country’s largest city; the second largest is Blantyre, the third largest is Mzuzu and the fourth largest is its old capital Zomba. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Chewa people who inhabit the area. The country is nicknamed “The Warm Heart of Africa” because of the friendliness of its people.
Malawi is among the world’s least-developed countries. The economy is heavily based in agriculture, with a largely rural population that is growing at a rapid rate. The Malawian government depends heavily on outside aid to meet development needs, although this need (and the aid offered) has decreased since 2000. The Malawian government faces challenges in building and expanding the economy, improving education, healthcare, environmental protection, and becoming financially independent amidst widespread unemployment. Since 2005, Malawi has developed several programs that focus on these issues, and the country’s outlook appears to be improving, with a rise in the economy, education and healthcare seen in 2007 and 2008.
Malawi–Turkey relations are foreign relations between Malawi and Turkey. The Turkish ambassador in Lusaka, Zambia is also accredited to Malawi. Malawi is accredited to Turkey from its embassy in Berlin, Germany.Turkey has plans to open an embassy in Lilongwe.
During the talks discussing the creation of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, the black majority in Malawi did not support the federation, arguing that the federation would benefitthe European settlers and not Africans. Turkey expressed concern when Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was established in 1953 and supported Nyasaland African Congress, which aimed to create a majority-rule country, diplomatically. In 1958, Dr. Hastings Banda, a member of Nyasaland African Congress, was sent to prison.Turkey supported the Devlin Commission of 1959that exonerated Hastings Banda.
Following declaring independence, Turkey has provided limited economic assistance to Malawi, where there was a climate of political and economic stability.