Botswana officially the Republic of Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. Since then, it has been a representative republic, with a consistent record of uninterrupted democratic elections and the lowest perceived corruption ranking in Africa since at least 1998. It is currently Africa’s oldest continuous democracy. Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula is poorly defined but is, at most, a few hundred metres long.
A mid-sized country of just over 2.3 million people, it is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Around 10 percent of the population lives in the capital and largest city, Gaborone. Formerly one of the world’s poorest countries—with a GDP per capita of about US$70 per year in the late 1960s—Botswana has since transformed itself into an upper middle income country, with one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. The economy is dominated by mining, cattle, and tourism. Botswana has a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about $18,825 per year as of 2015, one of the highest in Africa. Its high gross national income (by some estimates the fourth-largest in Africa) gives the country a relatively high standard of living and the highest Human Development Index of continental Sub-Saharan Africa.
Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations. The country has been adversely affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite the success in programmes to make treatments available, and to educate the populace about how to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS, the number of people with AIDS rose from 290,000 in 2005 to 320,000 in 2013. As of 2014, Botswana has the third-highest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, with roughly 20% of the population infected.
Besides referring to the language of the dominant people groups in Botswana, Setswana is the adjective used to describe the rich cultural traditions of the Batswana—whether construed as members of the Tswana ethnic groups or of all citizens of Botswana. In Botswana, most of the tribes have different ways to greet one another, but for easy communication and connection, batswana use a three-way hand shake or just greet one another by saying “Dumelang” as a way of saying “hello” without physical contact. In community celebrations like Dikgafela or during marriage ceremonies, batswana women show excitement and happiness by the use of ululations as part of their culture.
Relations between Turkey and Botswana
Diplomatic relations between Turkey and Botswana were established in 1981. Turkish Embassy in Gaborone has started its operations as of 15 October 2014. Permenant Representaion of Botswana in the UN Geneva Office is also accredited to Turkey.
H.E. Mr. Phandu Skelemani, former Minister Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Botswana, visited Turkey between 21-24 January 2009. Minister Skelemani paid his second official visit to Turkey between 5-9 May 2010.
Turkey-Botswana Joint Economic Commission was held in September 2012. This occasion provided an ample opportunity to determine fields of bilateral cooperation.
Bileteral trade volume between two countries in 2019 was approxiemtely 2,9 million USD (export from Turkey was 2,84 million USD, import to Turkey was 39.000 USD).
Turkish Government, within the framework of Türkiye Scholorships, allocates undergraduate scholarships to Botswana since 2009. Since 2012, 13 scholarships were provided to Botswana.
Botswana regularly send junior diplomats since 2010 to the International Training Programme for Junior Diplomats held Diplomacy Academy of Turkish MFA.